Trimite referat
Referatele si lucrarile oferite de Clopotel.ro au scop educativ si orientativ pentru cercetare academica.

A country to enjoy - Romania

Materie: Engleza
Accesari: 9.506
Download-uri: 2.589
Nota: 5.61 (2361 note)
Am probleme cu acest referat!

1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9


Download Referat - A country to enjoy - Romania
Publicitate:

Trimis de Aurel
din 08 Aprilie 2009

Legacies of a Troubled but Inspiring Heritage

Legends like that of Count Dracula or the real history of Romania are testimonies of such an exciting past. Such a heritage is to be found in the high-roofed wooden churches of Transylvania. Admire the 16th century artistic treasures of the Bucovina monasteries, or listen spellbound to George Enescu's "Romanian Rhapsody" with brilliantly inspired from folklore themes. The most decisive influence on this country's development was that of ancient Rome.
Music and traditional dress
are part of the Romanian life

Six Hundred Thousand Years of History

Signs of human life are to be found in the Carpathian mountains since around 600.000 BC. Although there had been Greek colonies on the Black Sea coast since the 6th century BC, the first centralised kingdom was of a Thracian people called the Dacians.
This Dacian civilisation reached its heyday under Decebalus, in the first century AD, but he was finally defeated by the Emperor Trajan's Roman legions in 106. Roman colonisation and inter-marriage followed and the resulting population became Christian. In 271 the Legions withdrew and 1,000 years of sporadic invasion ensued, followed by several centuries of Turkish and Russian aggression. The Daco-Roman civilisation and Romania's Latin inheritance survived.

The Rise of the Principalities

"Romanians" were first mentioned in documents in the 1160s, soon after which Wallachia and Moldavia emerged as principalities. A succession of noble leaders held of the Turks, namely Prince Mircea the Old, Prince Vlad Tepes (the Impaler) and Stephen the Great of Moldavia, who built close to 50 monasteries and churches and moulded Moldavian culture. In the 16th century Michael the Brave united all these three provinces and chased away the Turks. In many respects the 15th and 16th centuries were a golden age of architecture and art.

Emergence of a Nation

After Michael the Brave's death in 1601, two and a half centuries of conflicts followed, during which a Romanian sense of nationhood developed little by little. In 1859 the two principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia united in the name of Romania as of 1862. The country became a monarchy in 1881, but it was only in 1918 that union took place between the three Romanian provinces.
After 1945 the Russians deposed the king and imposed communism. The revolution of December 1989 brought Romania firmly back into democratic Europe. The most obvios result is that the age-old friendliness and generosity of Romanians have been asserted again, as visitors will soon appreciate.

Romanian village architecture
is imaginative and colourful

Exquisite churches and monasteries adorn
Bucovina's countryside

Inspiring Cultural Diversity

Such a past was bound to create a great range of artistic and cultural achievements. Broadly, three main strands are discernible and anyone travelling across Romania can see splendid examples of them all.

Country-style Crafts and Cuisine

Romania's traditional village architecture, crafts and cuisine represent a living culture of unique value. Look for the finely carved doorways of Transylvanian houses, the beautiful wooden churches, the variety of regional costumes and the simplicity of country artefacts. Ceramics and pottery, woven rugs, icons, and woodcarvings are accompanied by local cuisine and wines. Cooking is an art, too, and Romanians make good use of their mushrooms and vegetables, their pork, chicken and beef, sometimes in spicy dishes with an oriental flavour.
Princely Patronage

The noble families of Romania were great builders and patrons. There are numerous medieval castles, some of which are like taken from fairytales: Bran, others fancifully French such as Corvin, while Renaissance and Baroque styles were adapted to a specifically Romanian pattern the late 17th century ruler of Wallachia, Constantin Brancoveanu.

Modern Art and Music

In the 19th and 20th centuries ...

Atentie : Textul de mai sus este doar un preview al referatului, pentru a vedea daca continutul acestui referat te poate ajuta. Pentru varianta printabila care poate sa contina imagini sau tabele apasa butonul de 'download' !!!
Download Referat - A country to enjoy - Romania
X

Raporteaza-ne problema !

Te rugam sa ne spui ce problema ai intampinat cu acest referat. Prin contributia ta acest site va deveni cea mai tare resursa de referate online din Romania. Iti multumim pentru sprijinul acordat!





Acest site foloseste cookies. Prin navigarea pe acest site, va exprimati acordul asupra folosirii cookie-urilor. Detalii aici OK
Confidentialitatea ta este importanta pentru noi

Clopotel.ro utilizeaza fisiere de tip cookie pentru a personaliza si imbunatati experienta ta pe Website-ul nostru. Te informam ca ne-am actualizat politica de confidentialitate pentru a integra cele mai recente modificari privind protectia persoanelor fizice in ceea ce priveste prelucrarea datelor cu caracter personal. Inainte de a continua navigarea pe Website-ul nostru te rugam sa aloci timpul necesar pentru a citi si intelege continutul Politicii de Cookie. Prin continuarea navigarii pe Website-ul nostru confirmi acceptarea utilizarii fisierelor de tip cookie conform Politicii de Cookie. Nu uita totusi ca poti modifica in orice moment setarile acestor fisiere cookie urmareste instructiunile din Politica de Cookie.


Am inteles